Northern Ireland is variously described as a country province or region which is part of the United Kingdom. Located in the northeast of the island of Ireland Northern Ireland shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland. In 2011 its population was 1.8M constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the UK's population. Established by the Northern Ireland Act 1998 as part of the Good Friday Agreement the Northern Ireland Assembly (colloquially referred to as Stormont after its location) holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters while other areas are reserved for the British government. Northern Ireland co-operates with the Republic of Ireland in several areas and the Agreement granted the Republic the ability to "put forward views and proposals" with "determined efforts to resolve disagreements between the two governments".