Getting around Moscow might seem challenging at first glance.
Of course, it might by tricky for foreigners, but in reality the transport system in Moscow is not that bad. One just needs to know several tips to travel around.
First of all, if you are the kind of tourist who wants to do some serious sight seeing and get a grip of the city you should responsibly choose your hotel and make sure it is located near a metro station.
The thing is that the Moscow metro works pretty good and covers a significant part of the city. It is very helpful downtown where the stations are abundant and most sights of potential interest are located within a 5-15 minute walk from the stations. 12 lines, 182 stations - be sure you can get where you want in Moscow by the underground. The cost of the ticket is around $1 and does not change depending on destination. The city administration is also planning to install English signs at the stations and the trains pretty soon.
Taking the bus or the trolley is probably not the best idea in Moscow. First of all - they are pretty slow due to heavy traffic and overparked streets. Second - it is a tough task to find an understandable map route (even in Russian). So, we recommend using the metro for most of your trips.
Taking a taxi, especially an official one (some cab companies even have English speaking personel, so try asking for one at the hotel's reception) is useful for long distance trips and if you live far from a metro station. A taxi ride costs around $30-50 for a 15-30 minute trip. It is not a cheap mode of transportation but one can minimize these costs by taking an "unofficial" taxi. It will cost a bit less but there are certain rules for such mode of travelling.
And, of course, the best way to get around is by walking. A walk across the city centre will take you around two-three hours and we are sure you won't regret it. The capital of Russia is charged with energy and taking a walk along the city streets among ordinary moscovites will give you the best understanding of what it's like to live in Moscow.